- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
- Alcoholic fatty liver disease, also called alcoholic steatohepatitis
Both NAFLD and alcoholic fatty liver disease are usually silent diseases with few or no symptoms. If you do have symptoms, you may feel tired or have discomfort in the upper right side of your abdomen.
There are several signs and symptoms of fatty liver, although not all of these may be present.
In fact, you may not even realize you have fatty liver.
- Fatigue and weakness
- Slight pain or fullness in the right or center abdominal area
- Elevated levels of liver enzymes, including AST and ALT
If fatty liver progresses to NASH, the following symptoms may develop:
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Moderate to severe abdominal pain
- Yellowing of eyes and skin
It’s important to see fatty liver doctor regularly for standard exams and blood tests, so fatty liver treatment can be started.
You should see a fatty liver doctor for fatty liver treatment. The doctor in also called hepatologist.
There are several factors that may cause or contribute to developing fatty liver:
Involves low-grade inflammation that may promote liver fat storage. It’s estimated that 30–90% of obese adults have NAFLD, and it’s increasing in children due to the childhood obesity epidemic
Excess belly fat
Normal-weight people may develop fatty liver if they are “viscerally obese,” meaning they carry too much fat around the waist
Insulin resistance and high insulin levels have been shown to increase liver fat storage in people with type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome
High intake of refined carbs
Frequent intake of refined carbs promotes liver fat storage, especially when high amounts are consumed by overweight or insulin-resistant individuals
Sugary beverage consumption
Sugar-sweetened beverages like soda and energy drinks are high in fructose, which has been shown to drive liver fat accumulation in children and adults
There are no medications approved for NAFLD, though some are in clinical trials Usually the first line of treatment is to lose weight . It helps reduce fat, inflammation, and scarring in your liver. Losing just 3% to 5% of your body weight can cut down on how much fat is in your liver.
- Folic acid, Vitamin E – have small role to play in fatty liver treatment
- See a fatty liver doctor regularly
- Talk to your fatty liver doctor about ways to improve your liver health
- Lose weight, if you are overweight or obese
- Lower your cholesterol and triglycerides
- Control your diabetes
- Avoid alcohol